First ever Social PreCOP on Climate Change delivers strong messages from civil society in the run-up to Lima Climate Summit
Posted on 13 November 2014
(Caracas, November 8, 2014) – Around 90 representatives of civil society and social movements from around the world gathered in Margarita Island in Venezuela to firm up key messages for a dialogue with climate ministers that would feed in to global climate policy and action. These are based on the Margarita Declaration, the outcome document produced from the July pre-meeting organized to provide space for social movements and civil society to outline their analysis and demands for meaningful climate action that responds to the urgency of science and to the imperatives of equity.
The Social PreCOP on Climate Change, an initiative of the Bolivarian Government of Venezuela, was held from November 4-7, 2014, also brought together ministers from 47 countries to dialogue with 20 civil society representatives for possible policy convergences in preparation for the UN climate summit in Lima, Peru. The ministers then met for a closed PreCOP session, to discuss and agree on bringing the civil society document to the 20th Conference of Parties in Lima.
Two days of intense debates over process and substance resulted in the document coming out as a Chair’s Summary of the Venezuelan presidency of the PreCOP, with civil society endorsing this in principle as a ‘living document’ to articulate proposals for possible solutions to change the system and not the climate.
Among the political priorities that received consensus in the document were around:
Social participation , including the institutionalization of a social PreCOP as an autonomous and independent space to ensure effective civil society participation in the negotiation process. Civil society also called on governments to direct the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change to put in place measures to protect the rights of expression, including protest.
Sustainable systems and just transition , and holding transnational corporations accountable for their actions and practices. There was also a call for a ‘fair sharing’ of mitigation actions by all countries based on historical responsibility and respective capabilities in order to keep global temperature rise to below 1.5 degrees.
That the principles of Free, Prior and Informed Consent be implemented to assure the participation of all peoples in climate negotiations and climate policy.
The necessity to foster the inclusion of the climate change issue and its structural causes in formal and informal educational systems, including the gender perspective and human rights.
The fulfillment of climate finance obligations must be through adequate additional public funds. Financing mechanisms and instruments must not be debt-creating, and speculative, and must not abide by the logics of market supply and demand. Funding must be additional, reliable, predictable, sufficient, adequate and unconditioned; and it must be subject to measurement, reporting and checking mechanisms.
The climate negotiations should not result in structures, institutions and methods that promote false solutions and the financialization of nature , such as carbon markets, geo-engineering, REDD, “climate-smart agriculture,” nor high-risk options that could have dangerous impacts on the environment and health for future generations.
The UNFCCC and its institutions should be a catalyst for the