BAPA+40 ends with no commitments, without heeding civil society: Page 2 of 2
the alliance, the CSO Partnership for Development Effectiveness and the Reality of Aid Network, titled “Putting People at the Heart of SSC”, IBON International said that SSC has remained a government-to-government affair or has been pursued as commercial undertakings despite its highly progressive roots and principles. Geopolitical interests of powerful countries also prevail. IBON International called for the upholding of horizontality and democratic ownership, which means ensuring people’s meaningful participation – from design, planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation – and SSC’s contribution to a comprehensive and democratically owned development strategy.
CSOs also underscored the importance of defining SSC, as there is yet no official definition. The outcome document only states that “SSC and triangular cooperation increasingly take different and evolving forms”, indicating that what counts as SSC remains arbitrary and thus difficult to monitor and assess. While generally understood as an expression of solidarity and a partnership between and among developing countries, having an agreed definition on SSC “will clarify whether we are talking about economic cooperation or development cooperation,” the alliance said.
At the closing plenary, the European Union questioned the legitimacy of the Venezuelan delegation from the Maduro government. The US also said that “the former regime [referring to the Maduro government] must stop trying to pin the blame for the disastrous situation in Venezuela on others.” [iv] A number of developing countries expressed strong support for the Venezuelan delegation. (Jennifer del Rosario-Malonzo, Buenos Aires)
[i]Explanation of Position on the Second United Nations High Level Conference on South-South Cooperation Outcome Document , Susan Fine, Senior Deputy Assistant Administrator, USAID, Buenos Aires, March 22, 2019.
[ii]CSO Statement on the Final BAPA+40 Outcome Document , Southern CSO Alliance on South-South Cooperation, Buenos Aires, 22 March 2019.
[iii]South-South Cooperation and the BAPA+40 Conference FAQs , Southern CSO Alliance on South-South Cooperation, Reality of Aid Network & CSO Partnership for Development Effectiveness
[iv]Explanation of Position on the Second United Nations High Level Conference on South-South Cooperation Outcome Document , Susan Fine, Senior Deputy Assistant Administrator, USAID, Buenos Aires, March 22, 2019.